What are Corns & Calluses?
Corns and calluses are thickened areas of skin that develop over time to protect specific areas of the feet from irritation. While Corns and Calluses are similar, the main difference between the two is the following:
- Calluses are thickened skin that occurs on the bottom of feet
- Corns are thicken skin that occurs on the top of feet
Causes & Symptoms
Corns often occur when a specific area of the foot rubs against the interior of a shoe. The excessive pressure leads to the development of corns and calluses. Feet with hammer toes are prone to corns and calluses.
Corns and calluses are typically rough, dull and may appear to have yellow color. They are not contagious, but they may lead to pain and cause decreases circulation with diabetics.
Can You Treat Corns & Calluses at Home?
It’s a good idea, though, to investigate possible causes of the corn or callus. If your footwear is contributing to the development of a corn or callus, it’s time to look for other shoes.
Check with a podiatrist if you plan on using any over-the-counter treatments, especially if you have any medical conditions such as diabetes. Some over-the-counter treatments contain harsh chemicals, which can lead to the development of foot ulcers.
When to Seek Treatment for Corns & Calluses
If mild corns and calluses are not bothering you, they may not require treatment. However, if they are causing pain and discomfort, seek medical attention from Dr. Tatiana DeLaurentiis.
Dr. DeLaurentiis will examine your medical history and conduct a complete examination of your feet. X-rays may be taken and your shoes may be inspected along with how you walk.
Treatment options may be one or more of the following:
- Changing your shoes
- Adding padding to your shoes
- Size reduction with a surgical blade
- Cortisone injections
- Surgery (in severe cases)
Always remember to wear comfortable and properly fitted shoes.
- Wear properly fitted shoes. If you have any deformities of the toe or foot, talk to your podiatrist to find out what shoes are best for you.
- Gel pad inserts may decrease friction points and pressure. Your podiatrist can help you determine where pads might be useful.
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Request an appointment with Dr. DeLaurentiis today to set up a consultation.